Combine Leads        (here full “Systems in Defense” scanned )

 Leads from small cards only        

           

x

x

 

 

 

 

x

=

spot card played first ( highest from at least three cards )

 

x

= spot card played second ( high/low = odd number! )

 

If the lead of the highest spot card might cause the loss of a trick –
then the lead should be with the second highest.

x

x

x

 

 

 

x

x

x

x

 

 

x

x

x

x

x

 

x

x

x

x

x

x

 

Leads from an honour card

      

H

x

x

 

 

 

The smallest spot card is played second from odd length..

 

The second lowest spot card indicates even length !

H

x

x

x

 

 

H

x

x

x

x

 

H

x

x

x

x

x

Meaning of spot leads:

low = active lead – from an honour or a doubleton for ruffing
high = passive lead – from poor spot cards (at least three)

 

Leads from honour sequences

      

H

H

 

AK  KD  DW  W10  109    When wanting a ruff – lead the lower honour !

H

H

H

AKD  KDW  DW10  W109

If not wishing to emphasise the lowest honour
for it will not be significant – lead the highest !

H

H

h

AKW  KD10  DW9

H

h

h

ADW  AW10  A109 KW10  K109  D109

     

        

 

Meaning of honour leads:

From a doubleton for a   ruff

 

A

=

AK

 

 

AKQ

 

 

 

 

K

=

KQ

AKJ

AKQ

KQJ

 

 

AK

 

Q

=

QJ

KQ10

KQJ

QJ10

 

 

KQ

 

J

=

J10

QJ10

QJ10

J109

AQJ

 

QJ

 

T

=

109x...

 

 

 

AJT  KJT

 

J10

 

9

=

9xx...

 

 

 

A109  K109  Q109

 

109

 

Signalling

UDCA  (are a bit better than standard)

Reverse Peter Smith

Option:

If you like, in some cases (which?… some use it in all, also in leads!):

Mixed Signal (low = even number of spot cards, high = odd)